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8. EU aid and incentives

Most European Union incentives (specifically loans and subsidies) generally supplement aid programs financed by the Spanish Government. Such aid is routed through the Spanish public authorities and institutions, as well as through finance entities, which act as intermediaries between the granting of aid and beneficiary. Accordingly, the related applications for subsidies must be addressed to these entities, save in the case of the direct aid under, inter alia, programs to support research, development and innovation (R&D&I) for which applications must be submitted in the respective calls for proposals issued by the European Commission.

The broad range of instruments at the EU’s disposal includes, most notably the following:

  • European Investment Bank (EIB).
  • European Investment Fund (EIF).
  • European Structural and Investment Fund.
  • The funding policy of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
  • European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).
  • European Union Research and Innovation Programs.
  • Community initiatives in favor of corporate finance.