Spain: An attractive country for investment
Setting up a business in Spain
Investment aid and incentives in Spain
Labor and social security regulations
Intellectual property law
Legal framework and tax implications of e-commerce in Spain
Company and Commercial Law
The Spanish financial system
Accounting and audit issues
- Central government taxes
- Corporate Income Tax
- Personal Income Tax
- Nonresident Income Tax
- Wealth Tax
- Inheritance and Gift Tax
- Spanish Value Added Tax
- Transfer and Stamp Tax
- Excise and Special Taxes
- Custom Duties on Imports
- Tax on Insurance Premiums
- Tax on Financial Transactions
- Tax on certain Digital Services
- Reporting obligations relating to Assets and Rights Abroad
- Tax on fluorinated greenhouse gases
- Excise tax on non-reusable plastic packaging
- Tax on waste sent to landfill, incineration and co-incineration
- Temporary taxes introduced by Law 38/2022 of December 27, 2022
- Special regime for startups
- Special Regimes of certain Autonomous Communities
- Local taxes
- Exhibit I - Corporate income tax incentives for investment
- Exhibit II - Treaty tax rates
- Exhibit III - Practical examples
- Exhibit IV - Case of Application of the Regime for foreign-securities holding companies (ETVE)...
- Exhibit V - Nonresident case study: Income obtained without a permanent establishment
- Exhibit VI - VAT case study
3.1 Periodic taxes
3.1.1 Tax on real estate
This tax is levied annually on owners of real estate or on holders of rights in rem over real estate based on the cadastral value determined pursuant to the Property Cadaster regulations, at different rates up to a maximum of 1.30% for urban property and 1.22% for rural property.
3.1.2 Tax on business activity
This tax is levied annually on any business activity conducted within the territory of the municipality.
However, the following taxpayers are exempted from this tax:
- Taxpayers who start a business activity within Spanish territory, during the two first tax periods in which they carry on the activity.
- Taxpayers subject to CIT and entities without legal personality whose net sales (at group level according to article 42 of the Commercial Code) in the previous year were under €1 million.
- In the case of taxpayers subject to nonresident income tax, the exemption will only apply to those operating in Spain through a permanent establishment, provided that they obtained net sales of under €1 million in the previous year.
The tax payable is calculated on the basis of various factors (type of activity, area of premises, net revenues, etc.). The minimum tax rates published by the Government can be adapted by the municipal authorities.