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11. Relocation of workers under a cross-border working arrangement within the EU and the EEA ("IMPATRIATES")

11.2 Applicable Social Security

Council Regulations (EC) 883/2004 and 987/2009 on the coordination of social security schemes apply within the European Union, the Economic European Area, and Switzerland and ensure that the workers to whom they are applicable are not adversely affected from a social security standpoint by moving from one Member State to another.

There are a number of bilateral social security agreements between Spain and other countries, which regulate the effects on Spanish public benefits of periods of contribution to the social security systems of other States. These agreements also determine the State in which social security contributions are to be paid in cases of relocation and temporary or permanent assignments abroad.

The following bilateral agreements are currently in force:

Bilateral Agreements with SpainPersons to whom it applies
AndorraAny nationality
ArgentinaAny nationality
AustraliaAny nationality
BrazilAny nationality
CanadaAny nationality
Cape VerdeSpaniards and Cape Verdeans
ChileSpaniards and Chileans
ChinaAny nationality
ColombiaSpaniards and Colombians
Dominican RepublicSpaniards and Dominicans
EcuadorSpaniards and Ecuadorians
JapanAny nationality
MoroccoSpaniards and Moroccans
MexicoSpaniards and Mexicans
ParaguayAny nationality
PeruAny nationality
PhilippinesSpaniards and Philippines
Republic of KoreaAny nationality
RussiaSpaniards and Russians
TunisiaSpaniards and Tunisians
UkraineSpaniards and Ukrainians
UruguayAny nationality
USAAny nationality
VenezuelaSpaniards and Venezuelans

Finally, the Multilateral Latin American Social Security Agreement is also applicable in Spain, an instrument coordinating the different social security legislation on pensions of the different Latin American States that have ratified it and signed the Implementation Agreement (currently Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador Paraguay, Portugal and Uruguay, as well as Spain).

Workers posted to Spain under the relevant social security agreements or regulations who continue to be subject to the legislation of their country of origin and evidence this by way of the relevant certificate, generally will not be registered with the Spanish social security system for the period envisaged in same, according to the terms of the agreement.

On the contrary, when a worker is employed in Spain to carry out services in this country on a permanent basis, the general rule of registration into the Spanish Social Security System shall apply irrespective of the worker’s nationality.